It is widely believed that in the territory of the Russian Federation the development of solar energy has no significant prospects in connection with the characteristics of the climate.In practice, the regions of Russia with good insolation, suitable for the construction of solar power plants, make up about 66% of the country’s areas.
CIS regions with good insolation
The level of solar radiation (insolation) is expressed by an indicator demonstrating how many kWh per year can give 1 kW of the installed power of the solar power plant.This parameter is the key in the development of relevant projects.
For the development of enterprises based on the energy of the Sun, all southern regions of Russia and the CIS, the Far East, and some areas of the Central Federal District are best suited.Especially promising in this regard:
- Saratov, Rostov, Chelyabinsk regions;
- Altai Republic, Buryatia, Bashkortostan;
- Altai and Krasnodar Territory.
In general, the implementation of projects of varying degrees of complexity is possible in the country almost everywhere.An example for Russia in this regard is countries with a similar climate, including Germany, which today is a permanent leader in the field of energy from alternative sources.
Application of air solar collectors
Air collectors are ease of operation and undemanding to the climatic data of the region.They can be used both for the needs of private households, and in the field of agriculture, industry.
The regions of Russia with good insolation are preferred for the implementation of large projects on the basis of VSK, in all the others, their use as auxiliary equipment for organizing heating and ventilation systems is justified.