The cellar is one of the wettest and darkest rooms in the house. The close location of groundwater, insufficient ventilation and heating lead to the fact that moisture from the air condenses on the walls and floors, impregnates building and finishing materials. The air stagnates and mold appears in the cellar.
Mold is a single-celled fungus that develops from spores and can live on any surface. Damp, dark rooms with no air exchange are ideal for mold growth. It appears on the walls and floor, covers utilities and hangs from the ceiling, quickly destroying structural materials and bringing the room into disrepair. The smell of mold in the cellar appears when the colony of the fungus has already grown and it is necessary to take measures to remove it.
Many people experience mold in the cellar. Mold spores are present in the soil, air, water, it is difficult to avoid contact with them. Therefore, it is important not to create conditions suitable for the development of the fungus.
Mold in the cellar: harm
Mold in the cellar of the house threatens the condition of the home and the health of its inhabitants. In the process of its growth, the mycelium destroys the materials in contact with it: wood, paper, stone, corrodes some types of plastic. The service life of the premises is drastically reduced. Mold spores get on things and products stored in the cellar, which threatens their condition: they begin to deteriorate and deteriorate.
But even more dangerous is the appearance of mold in the cellar of a house for people and animals. Almost all types of fungus are dangerous to humans. Some of them produce dangerous mycotoxins: poisons that paralyze the nervous system, destroy muscle fibers, and at high concentrations cause pulmonary edema and death. Black mold in the cellar is capable of this.
Other types of fungus are allergens. Their spores cause chronic rhinitis, otitis, bronchitis. If a child, an elderly person or persons with a weakened immune system come into contact with white mold in the cellar, there is always a risk of mold damage to internal organs: the fungus grows on the mucous membranes of the body. Therefore, when a colony is found, it is important to destroy the mold in the cellar and prevent its reappearance.
Prevention and disposal of mold
It is not easy to remove mold in the cellar: you need to mechanically destroy all colonies found (fungal spots on the walls and floor, under the finish and next to the pipelines), and then treat the room with special disinfectants. All items stored in the basement are recommended to be aired and left for some time in the sun: this will save them from spores and the smell of mold. In the cellar, it is necessary to eliminate the increased humidity and stale air.
Since mold appears only in dark and damp rooms, it is recommended to carry out local ventilation in the cellar, which dehumidifies the air and prevents moisture condensation. The equipment that runs on solar energy has proven itself well.
The principle of operation of a solar-powered device is the same as an electric dehumidifier: it heats the air, and then blows it into the cellar with the help of a fan. Due to the difference in pressure and temperature, air masses actively move throughout the entire volume of the room, displacing stagnant gases. Since the air is preheated, there is no excess moisture left in it, condensation does not fall on the walls, and even if the room itself is damp due to the proximity of groundwater, it is dried. In the cellar, conditions are created that are unsuitable for the development of the fungus and mold does not appear.
Getting rid of mold with solar energy
Solar equipment allows you to quickly remove white and black mold in the cellar and prevent its reappearance. But at the same time, its use is more practical than the choice in favor of devices operating on other types of energy carriers: electricity or diesel.
- Solar dehumidifiers are autonomous: they do not need to be connected to the mains, their operation does not depend on power surges. They do not create a load on the power grid and can be installed on non-electrified facilities.
- The equipment does not consume irreplaceable resources. That is, his work does not require constant financial costs – the owner of the solar collector only once invests in the unit at the time of its purchase.
- Creating ventilation is simple: you do not need to involve engineers and draw up project documentation. The equipment is selected by power, based on the area of the cellar.
With all their advantages, the main advantage of solar devices is that they effectively regulate the temperature and humidity of the air. Eliminate stagnant gases, creating unacceptable conditions for the fungus. Mold will not appear in the cellar.