A microscopic fungus can bring many problems: mold in a cottage grows in any room and on different types of surfaces. The main reasons for its occurrence:
- insufficient ventilation;
- accumulation of water (drops of condensate).
The fungus can be found everywhere, but most often it appears in bathrooms, behind water and sewer pipes, in the attic and basement, in the kitchen and in utility rooms. It is found in the boiler room and laundry, affects indoor greenhouses and pools, saunas and hammams.
The danger of the fungus lies in its rapid development: the colonies grow, “spread” onto neighboring objects, and penetrate from room to room. If you start the situation, then soon the mold will be everywhere: on the walls, floor, ceiling, furniture.
It is quite simple to detect it: untidy dirty stains of yellow, gray color, black “fluffy” spots appear on the surfaces. It looks very unpleasant, but the main danger lies in the toxicity of the fungus. Its spores cause allergies, chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract, acute poisoning. If you find some types of mold, you have to resort to the help of specialists – disinfectors. They clean the mold away from the cottage with drastic chemical methods.
The fungus is also dangerous for the building itself: it quickly destroys the surfaces in contact with it. Wood rots, fabrics (curtains, bedding, clothes) and furniture upholstery deteriorate, metal is affected by penetrating corrosion. As a result:
- The roof can sag and squint, the layer of roofing heat and waterproofing will collapse.
- Support trusses and beams lose strength, the life of the house is reduced.
- Wall materials begin to crumble – the object requires a major overhaul.
- The floor rots, creaks.
- Finishing loses its appeal.
To remove mold from the cottage, you will need serious financial investments. It is much easier to prevent the very likelihood of its occurrence.
How to protect the cottage from the fungus?
Mold spores are present everywhere, but in order for them to develop, certain conditions are needed: poor ventilation, high humidity. Therefore, in most cases, the organization of high-quality ventilation solves the problem of moldy premises.
Even if the house has a common supply and exhaust system, this is not enough. According to sanitary and hygienic standards, the installation of autonomous systems is required in utility rooms. Separate ventilation is best provided in the most “problematic” areas:
- In the attic / attic – condensation most often falls here due to the accumulation of warm air rising from the house.
- In the basement / underground – the proximity of groundwater and the deep position of the premises contribute to the appearance of dampness and make it difficult to ventilate.
- In the kitchen / in the utility rooms – this is where the fungus occurs most often.
- In the pool / sauna / bathrooms.
The owner of the house is faced with a dilemma: on the one hand, it is necessary to qualitatively protect the cottage from mold, on the other hand, the installation of autonomous ventilation in each of the above premises leads to high costs. And not only for the purchase of equipment: the load on the power grid will increase sharply, and the cost of maintaining a house will increase.
Effectively resolve this situation allows the installation of devices powered by solar energy.
Inexpensive protection option
The technology of protecting a cottage from colonies of a dangerous fungus using solar energy has been tested and recognized in many countries of Europe and North America and is now actively used in Russia and the CIS. Solar collectors work on the principle of thermal fans, but do not require connection to the electrical network. Their power is enough to maintain constant air circulation even in spacious rooms. Therefore, with their help, it is easy to create autonomous ventilation in the rooms of the house that are prone to mold. Due to the design features and principles of operation, collectors can be used in any type of premises, including basements and attics, swimming pools and baths.
Mold in the cottage will no longer bother, and the cost of maintaining the house will not increase.